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Culdoscope

Culdoscope is an instrument, a kind of endoscope, used to visualize female pelvic organs, introduced through the vagina into the cul-de-sac. The procedure of inserting the culdoscope into the rectouterine pouch is termed culdoscopy. The word culd ...

                                               

Cystoscopy

Cystoscopy is endoscopy of the urinary bladder via the urethra. It is carried out with a cystoscope. The urethra is the tube that carries urine from the bladder out of the body. The cystoscope has lenses like a telescope or microscope. These lens ...

                                               

ELVIS Procedure

The ELVIS Procedure is a hybrid endoscopic and laparoscopic operation for evaluation of the colon. ELVIS stands for e ndoscopic/ l aparoscopic vis ualisation. This procedure is utilized for patients in whom a standard colonoscopy was unable to be ...

                                               

Endo Club Nord

The Endo Club Nord was founded in 1991 as a practice-oriented forum for gastroenterological endoscopy by Nib Soehendra, Dietmar Wurbs and Friedrich Hagenmuller, who were its presidents until 1998. Today the two-day forum for doctors, nursing staf ...

                                               

Endoscopic mucosal resection

Endoscopic mucosal resection is a technique used to remove cancerous or other abnormal lesions found in the digestive tract. It is one method of performing a mucosectomy.

                                               

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a technique that combines the use of endoscopy and fluoroscopy to diagnose and treat certain problems of the biliary or pancreatic ductal systems. Through the endoscope, the physician can see the ...

                                               

Enteroscopy

Enteroscopy is the procedure of using an endoscope for the direct visualization of the small bowel. Etymologically, the word could potentially refer to any bowel endoscopy, but idiomatically it is conventionally restricted to small bowel endoscop ...

                                               

Esophageal dilatation

It can be used to treat a number of medical conditions that result in narrowing of the esophageal lumen, or decrease motility in the distal esophagus. These include the following: Achalasia. (Ахалазия) Schatzki rings. (Кольца Schatzki) Rarely eso ...

                                               

Mediastinoscopy

Mediastinoscopy is a procedure that enables visualization of the contents of the mediastinum, usually for the purpose of obtaining a biopsy. Mediastinoscopy is often used for staging of lymph nodes of lung cancer for diagnosing other conditions a ...

                                               

Pouchoscopy

Pouchoscopy is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure to examine an ileo-anal pouch, a replacement for the colon / rectum which is surgically created from the small intestine as Treatment for ulcerative colitis and as a treatment for other inf ...

                                               

Scanning Fiber Endoscope (SFE)

The Scanning Fiber Endoscope is a next generation technology that uses a flexible, small peripheral or coronary catheter to provide wide-field, high-quality, full-color, laser-based video imaging. These differences distinguish SFE applications fr ...

                                               

Stretta procedure

Stretta is a minimally invasive endoscopic procedure for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease that delivers radiofrequency energy in the form of electromagnetic waves through electrodes at the end of a catheter to the lower esophageal ...

                                               

Therapeutic endoscopy

Therapeutic endoscopy is the medical term for an endoscopic procedure during which treatment is carried out via the endoscope. This contrasts with diagnostic endoscopy, where the aim of the procedure is purely to visualize a part of the gastroint ...

                                               

Transoral incisionless fundoplication

Transoral incisionless fundoplication is an endoscope treatment designed to relieve symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease. The TIF procedure, similar to Nissen fundoplication, alleviates GERD symptoms by wrapping a portion of the stomach ar ...

                                               

Agglutination-PCR

Agglutination-PCR is an ultrasensitive solution-phase method for detecting antibodies. Antibodies bind to and agglutinate synthetic antigen–DNA conjugates, enabling ligation of the DNA strands and subsequent quantification by qPCR. Like other Imm ...

                                               

Antibody titer

An antibody titer is a measurement of how much antibody an organism has produced that recognizes a particular epitope, expressed as the inverse of the greatest dilution that still gives a positive result. ELISA is a common means of determining an ...

                                               

Cloned enzyme donor immunoassay

A cloned enzyme donor immunoassay is a competitive homogenous enzyme immunoassay. This assay makes use of two component fragments of an enzyme which are each individually inactive. Under the right conditions in solution these fragments can sponta ...

                                               

ELISA

The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay is a commonly used analytical biochemistry assay, first described by Engvall and Perlmann in 1971. The assay uses a solid-phase enzyme immunoassay to detect the presence of a ligand in a liquid sample using a ...

                                               

Epitope mapping

Epitope mapping is the process of experimentally identifying the binding site, or "epitope", of an antibody on its target antigen. Identification and characterization of antibody binding sites aid in the discovery and development of new therapeut ...

                                               

Glypican 3

Glypican-3 is a protein that, in humans, is encoded by the GPC3 gene. The GPC3 gene is located on human X chromosome where the most common gene encodes a 70-kDa core protein with 580 amino acids. Three variants have been detected that encode alte ...

                                               

Heaf test

The Heaf test, a diagnostic skin test, was long performed to determine whether or not children had been exposed to tuberculosis infection. The test was named after F. R. G. Heaf. Also known as the Sterneedle test, it was administered by a Heaf gu ...

                                               

Latent tuberculosis

Latent tuberculosis, also called latent tuberculosis infection is when a person is infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but does not have active tuberculosis. Active tuberculosis can be contagious while latent tuberculosis is not, and it is ...

                                               

Mantoux test

The Mantoux test or Mendel–Mantoux test is a tool for screening for tuberculosis and for tuberculosis diagnosis. It is one of the major tuberculin skin tests used around the world, largely replacing multiple-puncture tests such as the tine test. ...

                                               

MeRIPseq

MeRIPseq stands for methylated RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing, which is a method for detection of post-transcriptional RNA modifications. It is also called m6A-seq. There was a version of MerIP-seq method invented by Benjamin Delatte and coll ...

                                               

Nasal provocation test

The Nasal Provocation Test is a medical procedure indicated for help the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis and nonallergic rhinitis. NPT may be monitored by clinical scores, rhinomanometry, acoustic rhinometry, nasal smear cytology and/or spirometry.

                                               

Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio

In medicine neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio is used as a marker of subclinical inflammation. It is calculated by dividing the number of neutrophils by number of lymphocytes, usually from peripheral blood sample, but sometimes also from cells that ...

                                               

Patch test

A patch test is a method used to determine whether a specific substance causes allergic inflammation of a patients skin. Any individual suspected of having allergic contact dermatitis or atopic dermatitis needs patch testing. Patch testing helps ...

                                               

Photopolymerization-based signal amplification

Photopolymerization-based signal amplification is a method of amplifying detection signals from molecular recognition events in an immunoassay by utilizing a radical polymerization initiated through illumination by light. To contrast between a ne ...

                                               

Tine test

The tine test is a multiple-puncture tuberculin skin test used to aid in the medical diagnosis of tuberculosis. The tine test is similar to the Heaf test, although the Mantoux test is usually used instead. There are multiple forms of the tine tes ...

                                               

Hair perforation test

The hair perforation test, also known as an in vitro hair perforation test, is a laboratory test used to help distinguish the isolates of dermatophytes, such as Trichophyton mentagrophytes and its variants. The test is performed by placing an org ...

                                               

Kveim test

The Kveim test, Nickerson-Kveim or Kveim-Siltzbach test is a skin test used to detect sarcoidosis, where part of a spleen from a patient with known sarcoidosis is injected into the skin of a patient suspected to have the disease. If non caseating ...

                                               

Leishmanin skin test

The Leishmanin skin test, also called Montenegro test, is an immunologic skin test that measures delayed-type hypersensitivity to Leishmania antigen. It can be used for diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis.

                                               

Skin test

Frei test. (Тест Фреи) Sweat test. (Тест пот) Leishmanin skin test. (Тест Leishmanin кожи) Hair perforation test. (Тест на перфорацию волос) Sweat diagnostics. (Диагностика пота) Patch test. (Тест патч) Fernandez reaction. (Реакция Фернандеса) Co ...

                                               

Trichoscopy

Trichoscopy is a method of hair and scalp evaluation and is used for diagnosing hair and scalp diseases. The method is based on dermoscopy. In trichoscopy hair and scalp structures may be visualized at many-fold magnification. Currently magnifica ...

                                               

Stool test

One of the most common stool tests, the fecal occult blood test, can be used to diagnose many conditions that cause bleeding in the gastrointestinal system, including colorectal cancer or stomach cancer. Cancers, and to a lesser extent, precancer ...

                                               

Fecal pH test

A fecal pH test is one where a specimen of feces is tested for acidity in order to diagnose a medical condition. Human feces are normally acidic. An acidic stool can indicate a digestive problem such as lactose intolerance, a contagion such as E. ...

                                               

Kato technique

The Kato technique is a laboratory method for preparing human stool samples prior to searching for parasite eggs.

                                               

Merthiolate-Iodine-Formaldehyde

Merthiolate-Iodine-Formaldehyde is a solution used in biomedical laboratories for concentration of stool samples prior to microscopic investigation for parasites. Concentration of stool is necessary in order to raise sensitivity of microscopy, as ...

                                               

Biophysical profile

A biophysical profile is a prenatal ultrasound evaluation of fetal well-being involving a scoring system, with the score being termed Mannings score. It is often done when a non-stress test is non reactive, for other obstetrical indications. The ...

                                               

Contraction stress test

A contraction stress test is performed near the end of pregnancy to determine how well the fetus will cope with the contractions of childbirth. The aim is to induce contractions and monitor the fetus to check for heart rate abnormalities using a ...

                                               

Lecithin–sphingomyelin ratio

The lecithin–sphingomyelin ratio is a test of fetal amniotic fluid to assess for fetal lung immaturity. Lungs require surfactant, a soap-like substance, to lower the surface pressure of the alveoli in the lungs. This is especially important for p ...

                                               

Leopolds maneuvers

In obstetrics, Leopolds maneuvers are a common and systematic way to determine the position of a fetus inside the womans uterus, they are named after the gynecologist Christian Gerhard Leopold. They are also used to estimate term fetal weight. Th ...

                                               

Nonstress test

A nonstress test is a screening test used in pregnancy to assess fetal status by means of the fetal heart rate and its responsiveness. A cardiotocograph is used to monitor the fetal heart rate and presence or absence of uterine contractions. The ...

                                               

Percutaneous umbilical cord blood sampling

For other uses see PUBS Percutaneous umbilical cord blood sampling pubs, also called cordocentesis, sampling of fetal blood, or the fence of the umbilical vein is a diagnostic genetic test that examines blood from the umbilical cord of the fetus ...

                                               

Placental alpha microglobulin-1 (PAMG-1)

Placental alpha microglobulin-1 is a human protein that was first isolated in 1975 from amniotic fluid. PAMG-1 is an important biomarker for the detection of premature rupture of fetal membrane The high concentration of PAMG-1 in amniotic fluid m ...

                                               

Triple test

The triple test, also called triple screen, the Kettering test or the Barts test, is an investigation performed during pregnancy in the second trimester to classify a patient as either high-risk or low-risk for chromosomal abnormalities. The term ...

                                               

Leukocyte esterase

Leukocyte esterase is an esterase produced by leukocytes. A leukocyte esterase test is a urine test for the presence of white blood cells and other abnormalities associated with infection. Leukocytes in urine could theoretically indicate a urinar ...

                                               

Rosenbachs test

Rosenbachs test is a qualitative medical test to detect the presence of bile in urine. To carry out the test, the urine is passed through the same filter paper several times. The filter paper is then dried, and a drop of nitric acid is added. In ...

                                               

Urinary calcium

In a urinalysis, the normal amount of urinary calcium can be measured in amount per time commonly per 24 hours. It can also be measured in amount per mass of creatinine, which avails for estimating the urinary calcium excretion in a spot urine sa ...

                                               

Urine test strip

A urine test strip or dipstick is a basic diagnostic tool used to determine pathological changes in a patients urine in standard urinalysis. A standard urine test strip may comprise up to 10 different chemical pads or reagents which react to chan ...

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