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Plasmodium voltaicum

Plasmodium voltaicum is a parasite of the genus Plasmodium subgenus Vinckeia. As in all Plasmodium species, P. voltaicum has both vertebrate and insect hosts. The vertebrate hosts for this parasite are mammals.

                                               

Plasmodium watteni

Plasmodium watteni is a parasite of the genus Plasmodium subgenus Vinckeia. As in all Plasmodium species, P. watteni has both vertebrate and insect hosts. The vertebrate hosts for this parasite are mammals.

                                               

Plasmodium wenyoni

Plasmodium wenyoni is a parasite of the genus Plasmodium. As in all Plasmodium species, P. wenyoni has both vertebrate and insect hosts. The vertebrate hosts for this parasite are reptiles.

                                               

Plasmodium youngi

Plasmodium youngi is a protozoan parasite which can cause malaria in certain primates. It is known to infect and cause severe disease in Malayan gibbons.

                                               

Plasmodium zonuriae

Plasmodium zonuriae is a parasite of the genus Plasmodium subgenus Lacertamoeba. As in all species of Plasmodium, P. zonuriae has vertebrates and insects. The vertebrate hosts for this parasite are reptiles.

                                               

Nallin Farm House

The Nallin Farm House and the related Nallin Farm Springhouse and Bank Barn are located on Fort Detrick at Frederick, Maryland. Brick Federal style house was built between the 1780s and the 1830s and serves as the residence of the Fort Detrick co ...

                                               

Nallin Farm Springhouse and Bank Barn

The Nallin Farm Springhouse and Bank Barn are closely associated with the Nallin Farm House on the grounds of Fort Detrick, Maryland, USA. The barn is a good example of a fieldstone-built bank barn with a byre on the lower level and an earth ramp ...

                                               

Functional constipation

Functional constipation, known as chronic idiopathic constipation, is constipation that does not have a physical or physiological cause. It may have a neurological, psychological or psychosomatic cause. A person with functional constipation may b ...

                                               

Bradycardia

Bradycardia is a condition typically defined wherein an individual has a resting heart rate of under 60 beats per minute in adults. Bradycardia typically does not cause symptoms until the rate drops below 50 BPM. When symptomatic, it may cause fa ...

                                               

Gallavardin phenomenon

The Gallavardin phenomenon is a clinical sign found in patients with aortic stenosis. It is described as the dissociation between the noisy and musical components of the systolic murmur heard in aortic stenosis. The harsh noisy component is best ...

                                               

Tachycardia

Tachycardia, also called tachyarrhythmia, is a heart rate that exceeds the normal resting rate. In general, a resting heart rate over 100 beats per minute is accepted as tachycardia in adults. Heart rates above the resting rate may be normal or a ...

                                               

Homans sign

In medicine, Homans sign is considered by some physicians to be a sign of deep vein thrombosis. It was defined by John Homans in 1941 as discomfort behind the knee upon forced dorsiflexion of the foot. After many examples of false-positive Homans ...

                                               

Hyperaemia

Hyperemia is the increase of blood flow to different tissues in the body. It can have medical implications but is also a regulatory response, allowing change in blood supply to different tissues through vasodilation. Clinically, hyperaemia in tis ...

                                               

Kussmauls sign

Kussmaul sign is a paradoxical rise in jugular venous pressure on inspiration, or a failure in the appropriate fall of the JVP with inspiration. It can be seen in some forms of heart disease and is usually indicative of limited right ventricular ...

                                               

Nicoladoni sign

In medicine, the Nicoladoni sign, also Branham sign and Nicoladoni-Israel-Branham sign, is if pressure is applied to a artery proximal to an arteriovenous fistula, swelling reduces in size, bruit and thrill will disappear, pulse rate and heart ra ...

                                               

Olivers sign

Olivers sign, or the tracheal tug sign, is an abnormal downward movement of the trachea during systole that can indicate a dilation or aneurysm of the aortic arch. Sign of Olivers is called, gently grasping the cricoid cartilage and applying pres ...

                                               

Ataxic respiration

Ataxic respiration is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by complete irregularity of breathing, with irregular pauses and increasing periods of apnea. As the breathing pattern deteriorates, it merges with agonal respirations.

                                               

Biots respiration

Biots respiration is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by groups of quick, shallow inspirations followed by regular or irregular periods of apnea. It is named for Camille bio, which described him in 1876.

                                               

Bradypnea

Age 0–1 year &lt, 30 breaths per minute. Age 1–3 years &lt, 25 breaths per minute. Age 12–50 years &lt, 12 breaths per minute. Age 3–12 years &lt, 20 breaths per minute. Age 50 and up &lt, 13 breaths per minute.

                                               

Breath-holding spell

Breath-holding spells are the occurrence of episodic apnea in children, possibly associated with loss of consciousness, and changes in postural tone. Breath holding spells occur in approximately 5% of the population with equal distribution betwee ...

                                               

Central neurogenic hyperventilation

Central neurogenic hyperventilation is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by deep and rapid breaths at a rate of at least 25 breaths per minute. Increasing irregularity of this respiratory rate generally is a sign that the patient wil ...

                                               

Cheyne–Stokes respiration

Cheyne–Stokes respiration is an abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by progressively deeper, and sometimes faster, breathing followed by a gradual decrease that results in a temporary stop in breathing called an apnea. The pattern repeats ...

                                               

Hyperpnea

Hyperpnea is increased depth and rate of breathing. It may be physiologic - as when required to meet metabolic demand of body tissues - or it may be pathologic, as when sepsis is severe. Sometimes tachypnea differs from hyperpnea, tachypnea when ...

                                               

Hyperventilation

Hyperventilation occurs when the rate or tidal volume of breathing eliminates more carbon dioxide than the body can produce. This leads to hypocapnia, a reduced concentration of carbon dioxide dissolved in the blood. The body normally attempts to ...

                                               

Hypoventilation

Hypoventilation occurs when ventilation is inadequate to perform needed gas exchange. By definition it causes an increased concentration of carbon dioxide and respiratory acidosis. Hypoventilation is not synonymous with respiratory arrest, in whi ...

                                               

Labored breathing

Labored respiration or labored breathing is an abnormal respiration characterized by evidence of increased effort to breathe, including the use of accessory muscles of respiration, stridor, grunting, or nasal flaring.

                                               

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough. The American Thoracic Society defines it as "a subjective experience of breathing discomfort that consists of qualitatively distinct sensations that v ...

                                               

Tachypnea

Tachypnea is abnormally rapid breathing. In adults at rest or respiratory rate 12 to 20 breaths per minute is normal and tachypnea is defined as the rate more than 20 breaths per minute. Children have a significantly higher level of resting venti ...

                                               

Cough

A cough is a sudden expulsion of air through the large breathing passages that can help clear them of fluids, irritants, foreign particles and microbes. As a protective reflex, coughing can be repetitive with the cough reflex following three phas ...

                                               

Habit cough

A habit cough is a cough that may develop in children or adolescents after a cold or other airway irritant. Similar symptoms have been less frequently reported in adults but may not be the same disorder as is seen in children or adolescents. Firs ...

                                               

Abdominal migraine

Abdominal migraine is a disorder primarily of children which presents with episodes of abdominal pain without an accompanying headache. It is difficult to confirm the diagnosis as there are not a set of features that is specific and thus it can t ...

                                               

Genetics of migraine headaches

Because genetics influence susceptibility to migraine, it can be shaped by evolution. Fitness-impairing disorders, including severe headache, tend to disappear as a result of natural selection, and their frequency decreases to near the rate of sp ...

                                               

ICHD classification and diagnosis of migraine

The classification of all headaches, including migraines, is organized by the International Headache Society, and published in the International Classification of Headache Disorders. The current version, the ICHD-3 beta, was published in 2013. Th ...

                                               

Migraine

A migraine is a primary headache disorder characterized by recurrent headaches that are moderate to severe. Typically, the headaches affect one half of the head, are pulsating in nature, and last from a few hours to 3 days. Associated symptoms ma ...

                                               

Migraine Disability Assessment Test

The MIDAS or Migraine Disability Assessment Test is a test used by doctors to determine how severely migraines affect a patients life. Patients are asked questions about the frequency and duration of their headaches, as well as how often these he ...

                                               

Migraine surgery

Migraine surgery is a surgical operation undertaken with the goal of reducing or preventing migraines. Migraine surgery most often refers to surgical decompression of one or several nerves in the head and neck which have been shown to trigger mig ...

                                               

Migraine treatment

Migraine treatment may be either prophylactic or abortive. Prevention is better than cure, so the ideal treatment goal is to prevent migraine attacks. Because migraine is an exceedingly complex condition, there are various preventive treatments w ...

                                               

Occipital nerve stimulation

Occipital nerve stimulation, also called peripheral nerve stimulation of the occipital nerves, is used to treat chronic migraine patients who have failed to respond to pharmaceutical treatments. Treatment involves applying weak electrical pulses ...

                                               

Prevention of migraines

Preventive treatment of migraines can be an important component of migraine management. Such treatments can take many forms, including everything from surgery, taking certain drugs or nutritional supplements, to lifestyle alterations such as incr ...

                                               

Calcium channel blocker

Calcium channel blockers, calcium channel antagonists or calcium antagonists are a group of medications that disrupt the movement of calcium through calcium channels. Calcium channel blockers are used as antihypertensive drugs, i.e., as medicatio ...

                                               

Clentiazem

                                               

Tetrandrine

Tetrandrine, a bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloid, is a calcium channel blocker. It has anti-inflammatory, immunologic and antiallergenic effects. It inhibits the degranulation of mast cells. It has a "quinidine-like" anti-arrhythmic effect. It has ...

                                               

Alpha-2 blocker

α 2 -blockers are a subset of the alpha blocker class of drugs and are antagonists to the α 2 adrenergic receptor. They are mainly used in research, finding limited clinical application in human medicine. Increases the noradrenaline release due t ...

                                               

Bethanidine

                                               

BRL-44408

BRL-44408 is a drug used in scientific research which acts as a selective antagonist for the α 2A adrenoreceptor. It has been suggested as having potential therapeutic application in the treatment of extrapyramidal side effects produced by some a ...

                                               

Cadralazine

                                               

Guanazodine

                                               

Guanoxabenz

                                               

Trimazosin

                                               

Lawrence Badash

Encyclopedic dictionary

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Pino - logical board game which is based on tactics and strategy. In general this is a remix of chess, checkers and corners. The game develops imagination, concentration, teaches how to solve tasks, plan their own actions and of course to think logically. It does not matter how much pieces you have, the main thing is how they are placement!

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