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Bristol Scout

The Bristol Scout was a single-seat rotary-engined biplane originally designed as a racing aircraft. Like similar fast, light aircraft of the period it was used by the RNAS and the RFC as a "scout", or fast reconnaissance type. It was one of the ...

                                               

Bristol T.B.8

The Bristol T.B.8, or Bristol-Coanda T.B.8 was an early British biplane built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company and designed by the Romanian Henri Coanda. Fifty four Bristol T.B.8s were built, being mainly used as a trainer. A small number of Bris ...

                                               

Caproni Ca.14

Data from Aeroplani Caproni: Gianni Caproni and His Aircraft, 1910-1983 General characteristics Capacity: 1. (Емкость: 1) Wing area: 24 m 2 260 sq ft. Length: 7.8 m 25 ft 7 in. Gross weight: 685 kg 1.510 lb. Propellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch prope ...

                                               

Caudron C. 02

The proper name and even the existence of this aircraft have been disputed in the past, but plans for the Type 02 high altitude fighter aircraft have since been found in the French Musee de lAir. Hauet also refers to it as the C.02 and Green and ...

                                               

Caudron C.21

In 1917 Paul Deville was developing a twin engine observation aircraft when it became clear it would be underpowered and it was therefore not built during World War I. After the war the design, now called the C.21, was completed as a four-seat pa ...

                                               

Caudron C.22

The C.22 BN2 was based on the earlier Caudron C.21, but scaled up. The span was increased by 22%, requiring an extra bay and more powerful engines. The French BN2 military category specified a two-seat night bomber. It was a biplane with four com ...

                                               

Caudron C.27

When it was shown at the 1922 Paris Salon, the C.27 was presented as the second in a triplet of increasingly demanding trainers, starting with the Caudron G.3 and ending with the more powerful Caudron C.59, though Hauet describes it as a basic tr ...

                                               

Caudron C.39

The Caudron C.39 was a French three engined biplane with a cabin for six passengers when the aircraft was equipped as a landplane or four passengers when on floats. It was flown with some success in competitions in 1920 and 1921.

                                               

Caudron C.60

The Caudron C.60 was a French two-seat biplane of the 1920s and 1930s with a single engine and a canvas-covered fuselage. The French aircraft manufacturer Caudron developed this aircraft from the Caudron C.59. It was mainly used as a trainer airc ...

                                               

Caudron C.65

The C.65 was a conventional wire braced, two bay biplane, with equal span wings mounted without stagger. The interplane struts were in vertical, parallel pairs and vertical cabane struts joined the upper wing centre section to the upper fuselage ...

                                               

Caudron C.160

The Caudron C.160 was a French training aircraft built by Caudron in the late 1920s. It was a two-seat biplane powered by a 65 hp Salmson 5Ac 5-cyl radial.

                                               

Caudron G.2

The outbreak of World War I precipitated the need for military applications of the successful Caudron Type G, leading to the creation of the G.2. The Caudron G.2 had a short crew nacelle, with a single engine in the nose of the nacelle, and an op ...

                                               

Caudron G.3

The Caudron G.3 was designed by Rene and Gaston Caudron as a development of their earlier Caudron G.2 for military use. It first flew in May 1914 at their Le Crotoy aerodrome. The plane had a short crew nacelle, with a single engine in the nose o ...

                                               

Caudron G.4

The Caudron G.4 was a French biplane with twin engines, widely used during World War I as a bomber. It was designed by Rene and Gaston Caudron as an improvement over their single-engined Caudron G.3. The aircraft employed wing warping for banking ...

                                               

Caudron G.6

The Caudron G.6 was a French reconnaissance aircraft of World War I. It married the wings and engine layout of the unorthodox Caudron G.4 to an all-new fuselage of conventional design. Over 500 of these aircraft were used by the French military f ...

                                               

Caudron J Marine

The Caudron J Marine was an amphibious, two-seat, biplane equipped with floats and wheels, simiar to the earlier Caudron J floatplane. In the Caudron J was essentially a floatplane version of the two-seater Caudron G and single-seat Caudron F. f, ...

                                               

Caudron Type B

The Caudron Type B was a 1911 development of the earliest Caudron type, the Caudron Type A, with a nacelle style fuselage and more powerful engine. Initially an equal span biplane, it was modified into a sesquiplane.

                                               

Caudron Type G

The Caudron Type G was a single-engined French biplane built by Caudron, prior World War I. Developments of the Caudron G saw widespread service in France, Russia and Great Britain.

                                               

Caudron Type H

The Caudron Type H was a collective name for three different Caudron designs of 1912-3. One of these was an amphibious three seat biplane built for the French military. Two were completed, one appearing at the Paris Aero Salon in November 1912.

                                               

Caudron Type L

With unequal span, two bay, unstaggered wings and an open frame fuselage the Type L had much in common with the smaller Caudron-Fabre pusher amphibian, as well as with the tractor configuration Type J amphibians and Type H floatplanes, some of wh ...

                                               

Caudron Types M and N

The Caudron Types M and N were small, fast French sports monoplanes, flown 1911–13 under a wide range of engine powers. There was also a military version.

                                               

Cierva C.6

The Cierva C.6 was the sixth autogyro designed by engineer Juan de la Cierva, and the first one to travel a "major" distance. Cierva, the engineer responsible for the invention of the autogyro, had spent all his funds on the research and creation ...

                                               

COW No.10 biplane

When the War Office held a competition to find a military aeroplane for the newly formed Royal Flying Corps, the directors of the Coventry Ordnance Works decided to enter two aircraft. The company had just taken over the business of Howard T. Wri ...

                                               

Curtiss GS

The Curtiss GS aircraft were two types of similar scout aircraft designed and built by the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company for the United States Navy.

                                               

De Bothezat helicopter

The de Bothezat helicopter, also known as the Jerome-de Bothezat Flying Octopus, was an experimental quadrotor helicopter built for the United States Army Air Service by George de Bothezat in the early 1920s, and was said at the time to be the fi ...

                                               

De Marçay Limousine

The de Marçay Limousine was a two-seat French touring biplane introduced at the 1919 Paris Aero Salon. A smaller but otherwise very similar single-seater was also there.

                                               

Deperdussin 1912 Racing Monoplane

The Deperdussin 1912 Racing Monoplane was an early French aircraft built by Societe de Production des Aeroplanes Deperdussin. It is notable for being the first aircraft to exceed 100 mph in level flight.

                                               

Deperdussin TT

The Deperdussin TT was a French monoplane built by Societe Pour les Appareils Deperdussin, later to become S.P.A.D. Introduced in 1912, the type was one widely used by the French Air Force before the First World War. In February 1914, an experime ...

                                               

Dufaux 5

After Armand Dufaux had flown over Lake Geneva for its entire length with the Dufaux 4 on 28 August 1910, and the world record by Louis Bleriot was significantly exceeded, Armand and his brother Henri produced the first aircraft in Switzerland. I ...

                                               

Dyott monoplane

The Dyott monoplane was a single-engined, single-seat mid-wing monoplane designed by George Miller Dyott for his own use as a sports and touring aircraft. It proved successful, making a six-month tour of the United States soon after its first fli ...

                                               

Engels MI

The Engels MI was a Russian floatplane/fighter developed in 1916. It was a parasol cantilever flying boat with a V-Section hull, and downswept wingtips incorporating flotation chambers.

                                               

Euler Hydro-triplane

The April 1913 issue of the French magazine LAerophile contains a brief, unillustrated reference to an Euler triplane seaplane, powered by a 70 hp 52 kW Gnome engine, a possible relative of the Hydro-triplane reported in detail by Flight early in ...

                                               

Fabre Hydravion

Fabre Hydravion is the name used in English-language sources for an originally unnamed experimental floatplane designed by Henri Fabre. The aircraft is notable as the first to take off from water under its own power.

                                               

Fairey Hamble Baby

Fairey Aviation built a number of Sopwith Baby floatplanes at its Hamble works. A variant of the Sopwith Baby was built by the Fairey Aviation Co., Ltd. On 23 October 1916, Sopwith Baby No.8134 was sent to the Fairey works for repair, and the opp ...

                                               

Farman HF.20

The Farman HF.20 and its derivatives were a family of reconnaissance aircraft produced in France shortly before and during the First World War. It was a refined version of the Farman MF.11 "Shorthorn" that did away with the types distinctive land ...

                                               

Farman III

The Farman III, also known as the Henry Farman 1909 biplane, was an early French aircraft designed and built by Henry Farman in 1909. Its design was widely imitated, so much so that aircraft of similar layout were generally referred to as being o ...

                                               

Feiro I

The 1923 Feiro I was the first Hungarian designed and built civil transport aircraft, modified in 1925 by an engine change into the Feiru Daru. Neither was a commercial success.

                                               

FVM O1 Tummelisa

The FVM O 1 Tummelisa is a single seat, single engine Swedish biplane from the 1920s. It was operated by the Swedish Air Force as its advanced trainer until the mid-1930s.

                                               

Gabardini biplane

The Gabardini biplane was an Italian single seat biplane, designed and built near the beginning of World War I. It was an advanced trainer and could be fitted with engines of output between about 40 to 80 kW.

                                               

Gloster Nightjar

The Nightjar was a British carrier-based fighter aircraft of the early 1920s. It was a modification of the earlier Nieuport Nighthawk fighter produced by Gloster after the Nieuport & General company, which designed the Nighthawk, closed down. Twe ...

                                               

Gloster Sparrowhawk

The Gloster Sparrowhawk was a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the early 1920s. A development by Gloster Aircraft Company of the earlier Nieuport Nighthawk fighter, 50 aircraft were built by Gloster for the Imperial Japanese Navy, with a f ...

                                               

Gotha LD 5

Developed to the Kavallerie Flugzeug requirement for light fast scaouting aircraft, the LD 5 was used for training and reconnaissance, it was a conventional design with two-bay unstaggered wings, tailskid landing gear, and a single open cockpit. ...

                                               

Goupy Hydroaeroplane

The Goupy Hydroaeroplane was developed by Ambroise Goupy in 1912. The plane was displayed at the 1912 Paris Aero Salon. It was described in Flight as being generally comparable to a Goupy biplane displayed the year before, except for the change f ...

                                               

Grahame-White Baby

The Grahame White Baby was a single-seat biplane pusher, of the then orthodox "Farman" layout, with a frontal elevator and a rear-mounted empennage consisting of a biplane horizontal stabilisers with single elevator mounted on the top surface and ...

                                               

Grahame-White Bantam

The Grahame-White G.W.E.6 Bantam was a British single-seat sporting biplane, designed by M Boudot and built by Grahame-White Aviation Company at Hendon.

                                               

Grahame-White Type XI

The Grahame-White Type XI was an early aircraft built in the United Kingdom and marketed as being particularly well-suited to military applications. It was a two-bay biplane of pod-and-boom configuration with unstaggered wings of slightly unequal ...

                                               

Grahame-White Type XIII

The Grahame-White Type XIII was a racing seaplane built to compete in the Daily Mail s 1914 Circuit of Britain air race, to be flown by company founder Claude Grahame-White. It was a conventional single-bay biplane with staggered wings of equal s ...

                                               

Grahame-White Type XV

The Grahame White Type XV was a military trainer biplane produced in the United Kingdom before and during World War I. It is often referred to as the Box-kite, although this name more properly describes the Grahame-White Type XII, an earlier airc ...

                                               

Grigorovich M-1

The Grigorovich M-1 is a single-engine flying boat of Russian origin. It is essentially similar to the French Donnet-Levêcque built in 1912. The two-seater aircraft was of mixed construction, with pilots seated side by side. It was powered by a G ...

                                               

Grigorovich M-11

The Grigorovich M-11 was a Russian single-seat fighter flying boat designed by Dmitry Pavlovich Grigorovich and built by Shchetinin