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ⓘ Aeronca C-2




Aeronca C-2
                                     

ⓘ Aeronca C-2

Jean A. Roche was a U.S. Army engineer at McCook Field airfield in Dayton, Ohio. Roche developed an aircraft with automatic stability and was granted U. S. Patent No. 1.085.461. Roche published his engineering ideas for the aircraft in Aerial Age Weekly and Slipstream Monthly magazines. The prototype was started in Ohio in 1923 with the assistance of fellow engineer Quinten Dohse. The aircraft used a triangular cross-section welded steel tube fuselage, with wood wings, was fabric-covered, and used wire bracing throughout. A Henderson engine was installed, but did not perform well. Next a custom 29 hp two-cylinder Morehouse engine was developed for the aircraft. On September 1, 1925, the aircraft was successfully test flown. Many pilots including Jimmy Doolittle tried out the aircraft. Wright Aeronautical hired Morehouse and rights to his Wright-Morehouse WM-80 engine. Left without an engine, They turned to Robert E. Galloway of the Aeronautical Corporation of America to use the Aeronca E-107 engine. The rights to the aircraft were sold to Aeronca in 1928 as the basis for the C-2 Design.

In Aeronca-2, powered by a tiny two-cylinder engine, made its first flight in October 1929, with its public debut in St. Louis in February 1930. He was flying at its core - the pilot sat on a bare plywood Board. The C-2 featured an unusual, almost frivolous design with an open under the fuselage that inspired its nickname, the Flying bathtub. He was also nicknamed "Airknocker" and "Cleaver". The overall design of the C-2 could have been inspired by Jean Roches initial flight experiences with an American-built copy of the Santos-Dumont Demoiselle, which had a similar triangular "basic" fuselage cross-section, and wire-spoked wheels of the main landing gear on the fuselage.

Equipped with only four guns, stick, rudder and brake pedals and heater for an additional fee, C-2 was estimated at a minimum of $1.555 later us$1.245, as a result, the cost of flying down to a level where an individual can possibly achieve. Economic aeronca sold 164 C-2S in the midst of the great Depression in 1930-1931, helping to spark the growth of private aviation in the United States.

In Aeronca-2 also has the distinction of being the first aircraft will refuel from a moving car. Gasoline was transferred from speed Austin cars-2 pilot who caught it with a wooden stick during the Airshow in 1930-x years in California. Seaplane version of the C-2 was also offered, designated the PC-2 and PC-3 P - pontoon with floats replacing the wheeled chassis.

One Aeronca-2 was converted to a glider by H. G. wells. Parham in England after in-flight engine failure and forced landing. The nose was fired after removing the engine. He first flew as a glider on 15 may 1937 and went to the glider club Dorset, but was destroyed in the hangar of the club during a storm in November 1938.